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1. Troubleshooting FAQ

1.1. Can you give me more info on GNU automake/autoconf/libtool?

The comprehensive info is read in a book GNU Autoconf, Automake, and Libtool. The book is on line.

Some web pages are useful: Simple examples are here and here. Bigger example is about writing Gnome application. here.

I created a directory which lists a project starting without autoconf but makefile and ended up with the full configured one. If you are inside MGH, then see /space/martinos/1/recon/tosa/autoconf directory. There is a steps.tar.gz file which contains every single step so that you can open it locally to see how it is done.

1.2. What are the dependencies of various files used in autoconf?

Here is the dependencies of various files:

Input files: /dev/acinclude.m4, /dev/configure.in, Makefile.am's and /dev/config/*.
Output files: /dev/aclocal.m4, /dev/configure, /dev/config.h.in, /dev/config.h,
              Makefile.in's, Makefile's

Usually you generate files in the following order:

aclocal   : acinclude.m4 and configure.in  --> aclocal.m4 (macro replacing definitions)
autoheader: aclocal.m4 and configure.in    --> config.h.in
automake  : configure.in and Makefile.am's --> Makefile.in's
autoconf  : configure.in and aclocal.m4    --> configure
configure : Makefile.in's                  --> Makefile's
make      : Makefile's and config.h        --> project targets  

Now you know what to do if some files are missing or producing complaints.

1.3. Makefile.in, Makefile.am, configure.in, and configure are non-mergeable

In order to avoid CVS do a stupid merge, Makefile.in, Makefile.am, configure.in, and configure are set non-mergeable. This setting is done in dev/CVS_ROOT/cvswrappers. You checkout this file and edit and check it in. Actual lines are as follows:

   Makefile.am -m 'COPY'
   Makefile.in -m 'COPY'
   configure.in -m 'COPY'
   configure -m 'COPY'

You get the following message when CVS thinks merge being necessary:

   U utils/Makefile.in
   cvs server: nonmergeable file needs merge
   cvs server: revision 1.6 from repository is now in utils/Makefile.in
   cvs server: file from working directory is now in .#Makefile.in.1.4

Therefore, you do not lose your version of non-mergeable files.

1.4. How can I start configure from scratch?(I screwed up miserably)

If you screwed up configure so badly, then you may want to clean up and start from scratch. If you were able to create Makefile's, then you can try the following:

   $ cd $dev
   $ make distclean 

This will remove all the cached information on autoconf. If this fails, just remove the entire dev directory and resync again.

1.5. How can I resolve "required directory does not exist" ?

After cvs update . in dev, I tried to do make, but I get the following errors:

   $ make
   cd . && /bin/sh /home/tosa/dev/config/missing --run aclocal-1.6
   cd . && \
   /bin/sh /home/tosa/dev/config/missing --run automake-1.6 --gnu  Makefile
   Makefile.am:50: required directory ./utilscpp does not exist
   make: *** [Makefile.in] Error 1

This occured because while you were working, new directory was added. The command "cvs update ." does not add a new directory. Therefore, you have to do

   $ cvs update -d utilscpp
   $ make
   cd . && /bin/sh /home/tosa/dev/config/missing --run autoconf
   /bin/sh ./config.status --recheck
   running /bin/sh ./configure  --prefix=/usr/local/freesurfer/alpha --with-mni-dir=/usr/local/mni/1.3  --no-create --no-recursion
   configure: Setting System ...
   checking build system type... i686-pc-linux-gnu
   checking host system type... i686-pc-linux-gnu

Note that autoconf automatically detected needing to run autoconf to recreate Makefile's.

1.6. How can I resolve "*** No rule to make target `all'" ?

When I did make, I get

   Making all in utilscpp
   make[2]: Entering directory `/home/tosa/dev/utilscpp'
   make[2]: *** No rule to make target `all'.  Stop.
   make[2]: Leaving directory `/home/tosa/dev/utilscpp'
   make[1]: *** [all-recursive] Error 1

This error usually means that there is no Makefile present in the directory it is making or Makefile is incompatible.

You can fix this by running config.status in dev directory:

   $ ./config.status
   config.status: creating utilscpp/Makefile

If the system is MacOSX Panther, then go to another section.

1.7. How can I resolve "cannot find input file"?

When I did config.status, I get

   config.status: error: cannot find input file: mri_make_density_map/Makefile.in

Usually this means that either 1) the directory is present but no files exist in the directory or 2) Makefile.in was not checked in by the developer who created this directory. In the fist case, you have to

   $ rm -rf mri_make_density_map
   $ cvs update -d mri_make_density_map
   cvs server: Updating mri_make_density_map
   U mri_make_density_map/Makefile.am
   U mri_make_density_map/Makefile.in
   U mri_make_density_map/mri_make_density_map.c
   $ config.status
   config.status: creating mri_make_density_map/Makefile

In the second case, you have to generate it by running automake.

  $ cd dev
  $ automake -v 
  $ config.status

Make sure that you see mris_make_density_map/Makefile is generated in this case at automake line. Make sure that config.status should generate Makefile in mris_make_density_map directory in this case.

1.8. How can I resolve 'can't locate object method "path" via package "Request"'?

The exact error message is the following:

Can't locate object method "path" via package "Request" at 
/usr/share/autoconf/Autom4te/C4che.pm line 69, <GEN1> line 214.
aclocal: autom4te failed with exit status: 1

It is really weird error message. It turned out that this is telling the fact that the cached one in $project/autom4te.cache is out of sync. What you should do is to remove autom4te.cache directory.

1.9. How can I resolve "WARNING: `aclocal-1.6' is missing on your system" ?

When I tried make on SuSE 9.1 system, I get the following message:

$ make
cd . && /bin/sh /space/birn/12/users/tosa/jupiter/dev/config/missing --run aclocal-1.6
/space/birn/12/users/tosa/jupiter/dev/config/missing: line 46: aclocal-1.6: command not found
WARNING: `aclocal-1.6' is missing on your system.  You should only need it if
         you modified `acinclude.m4' or `configure.in'.  You might want
         to install the `Automake' and `Perl' packages.  Grab them from
         any GNU archive site.

This is because SuSE 9.1 has a newer version of aclocal. This can be fixed by generating a new aclocal.m4 and use it to generate all the files:

  $ aclocal 
  $ autoheader
  $ automake
  $ autoconf
  $ config.status

1.10. How can I resolve "version mismatch. This is automake 1.8.3 ..."

Here is the error emitted on jupiter (SuSE 9.1):

jupiter/dev> automake
configure.in:14: version mismatch.  This is Automake 1.8.3,
configure.in:14: but the definition used by this AM_INIT_AUTOMAKE
configure.in:14: comes from Automake 1.6.3.  You should recreate
configure.in:14: aclocal.m4 with aclocal and run automake again.
/usr/share/automake-1.8/am/depend2.am: am__fastdepCC does not appear in AM_CONDITIONAL
/usr/share/automake-1.8/am/depend2.am: am__fastdepCC does not appear in AM_CONDITIONAL
/usr/share/automake-1.8/am/depend2.am: am__fastdepCC does not appear in AM_CONDITIONAL

SuSE9.1 has new version of automake (not autmake 1.6.3). Thus you have to recreate new aclocal.m4 (which consists of m4 macros for this particular system but not the one checked in). Therefore you need to do

  $ aclocal
  $ automake
  $ autoconf
  $ configure ...

1.11. How can I resolve "make[3]: AR@: Command not found"?

I got the following error:

make[3]: Entering directory `/autofs/space/lyon_001/fsdev/work/tosa/dev/utils'
Unmatched `.
/home/tosa/dev/utils>rm -f libutils.a
/home/tosa/dev/utils>make[3]: AR@: Command not found
make[3]:: Too many arguments.

This is due to the fact that the bad Makefile.in (where @AR@ was not substituded) was checked in. Autoconf can recreate the correct Makefile.in by doing the following:

  $ cd utils
  $ rm Makefile.in
  $ make
  cd .. && \
  /bin/sh /space/lyon/1/fsdev/work/tosa/dev/config/missing --run automake-1.6 --gnu  utils/Makefile
  cd .. && /bin/sh ./config.status utils/Makefile
  config.status: creating utils/Makefile

Please check in the corrected Makefile.in.

1.12. How can I resolve "make[2]: RANLIB@: Command not found"? (MacOSX)

This happens on MacOSX Panther, because fink version of configuration binaries, aclocal, automake, etc. are not compatible with freesurfer build. Start your shell without syncing /sw/bin/init.csh. Panther version of aclocal, automake, etc lives in /usr/bin.

1.13. How can I resolve "Makefile:...: *** missing separator. Stop."?

Here is the actual error message I got:

Make[3]: Entering directory `/autofs/space/tensor_004/users/fischl/dev/utils/test'
Makefile:561: *** missing separator.  Stop.

If I look at the offending Makefile, I find

@am__fastdepCC_TRUE@    if $(COMPILE) -MT $@ -MD -MP -MF "$(DEPDIR)/$*.Tpo" -c -o $@ $<; \
@am__fastdepCC_TRUE@    then mv -f "$(DEPDIR)/$*.Tpo" "$(DEPDIR)/$*.Po"; else rm -f "$(DEPDIR)/$*.Tpo"; exit 1; fi
@am__fastdepCC_FALSE@   source='$<' object='$@' libtool=no \
@am__fastdepCC_FALSE@   depfile='$(DEPDIR)/$*.Po' tmpdepfile='$(DEPDIR)/$*.TPo' \
@am__fastdepCC_FALSE@   $(CCDEPMODE) $(depcomp) \
@am__fastdepCC_FALSE@   $(COMPILE) -c $<

These lines should have been substituded (using the value of am_fastdepCC_TRUE and am_fastdepCC_FALSE) as

   source='$<' object='$@' libtool=no \
   depfile='$(DEPDIR)/$*.Po' tmpdepfile='$(DEPDIR)/$*.TPo' \
   $(CCDEPMODE) $(depcomp) \
   $(COMPILE) -c `test -f '$<' || echo '$(srcdir)/'`$<

Note that the variable is am__fastdepCC_TRUE, which implies that automake did not do the substitution. Since automake is the one creates Makefile.in, this is most likely produced by a bad Makefile.in check-in. Since Makefile is broken, you have to remove bad Makefile and Makefile.in. Then, you recreate Makefile.in and Makefile assuming that Makefile.am is correct.

  $ rm Makefile
  $ rm Makefile.in
  $ cd $(topsrc_dir)
  $ automake               <---- in order to create Makefile.in
  $ config.status          <---- in order to create Makefile from new Makefile.in

If still not working, Makefile.am is a suspect. Make sure that the content is correct.

1.14. How can I resolve "configure.in:26:error: possibly undefined macro: AC_PROG_LIBTOOL" ? (MacOSX)

This occurs on MacOSX Panther. It turned out that Fink does not install libtool package. The easiest is not to source /sw/init.tcsh and start a new shell window. Make sure that your aclocal is coming from /usr/bin, not from /sw/bin. After aclocal to recreate aclocal.m4, you should edit aclocal.m4 described in the next item.

1.15. How can I resolve "Makefile not present in util direcotry"? (MacOSX)

This happens on MacOSX due to aclocal incompatibility.

  1. edit aclocal.m4
     comment out the following line
       AC_CHECK_TOOL(AR, ar, false)
       # AC_CHECK_TOOL(AR, ar, false)
  2. automake, autoconf, config.status

1.16. How can I resolve "Can't locate object method "path" via package "Autom4te..."?

This is a really weird message, but it is saying that /dev/autom4te.cache directory is bad. Please remove /dev/autom4te.cache directory. Then do automake, autoconf, config.status.

1.17. No target for 'install'

Make sure the Makefile is present. You may be missing the Makefile.am, Makefile.in, or Makefile. If the Makefile.am is present, this is probably a new directory that is ready to be built but is not in your configure. Make sure you have run cvs update -d, then run head config.log and note the paramters you passed to configure. Then run autoconf and then ./configure with the parameters you noted before, but without --no-recursion and --no-create. This should create the Makefile in the given directory.

1.18. libtool: link: cannot find the library `'

This happens on an OS X machine when trying to link dynamic library files that have associated .la files with -framework in the dependency_libs command. For example, for libqt-mt.dylib, there's an associated libqt-mt.la in the same dir, which contains the following line:

dependency_libs=' -framework Carbon -framework QuickTime -lz -framework OpenG\
L -framework AGL '

The -framework option is incompatible with libtool, so just comment out the line.

1.19. I'm still getting unresolved variables, and things are just messed up!

If your installation has newer versions of the autotools you may need to rebuild everything from scratch, including the libtool scripts that are in the archive. To do this, from dev/:

$ head config.log   ---- note the configure options you used
$ make distclean
$ rm -rf autom4te.cache
$ libtoolize --force
$ autoreconf
$ aclocal
$ automake
$ autoconf
$ ./configure ...   ---- use options from before, but without --no-recursion and --no-create

AutoconfTroubleshooting (last edited 2008-04-29 11:45:32 by localhost)